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WITNESS (NOUN AND VERB)

martus or martur (3144) (whence Eng., "martyr," one who bears "witness" by his death) denotes "one who can or does aver what he has seen or heard or knows"; it is used (a) of God, <Rom. 1:9; 2 Cor. 1:23; Phil. 1:8; 1 Thes. 2:5,10> (2nd part); (b) of Christ, <Rev. 1:5; 3:14>; (c) of those who "witness" for Christ by their death, <Acts 22:20; Rev. 2:13; Rev. 17:6>; (d) of the interpreters of God's counsels, yet to "witness" in Jerusalem in the times of the Antichrist, <Rev. 11:3>; (e) in a forensic sense, <Matt. 18:16; 26:65; Mark 14:63; Acts 6:13; 7:58; 2 Cor. 13:1; 1 Tim. 5:19; Heb. 10:28>; (f) in a historical sense, <Luke 11:48; 24:48; Acts 1:8,22; 2:32; 3:15; 5:32; 10:39,41; 13:31; 22:15; 26:16; 1 Thes. 2:10> (1st part); <1 Tim. 6:12; 2 Tim. 2:2; Heb. 12:1>, "(a cloud) of witnesses," here of those mentioned in <ch. 11>, those whose lives and actions testified to the worth and effect of faith, and whose faith received "witness" in Scripture; <1 Pet. 5:1>.

(from Vine's Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words)

(Copyright (C) 1985, Thomas Nelson Publishers)

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